The future of work in America. People and places, today and tomorrow (Report – external link)
Authors: Susan Lund, James Manyika, Liz Hilton Segel, André Dua, Bryan Hancock, Scott Rutherford, and Brent Macon
McKinseyGlobal Institute – July, 2019

“The US labor market looks markedly different today than it did two decades ago. It has been reshaped by dramatic events like the Great Recession but also by a quieter ongoing evolution in the mix and location of jobs. In the decade ahead, the next wave of automation technologies may accelerate the pace of change. Millions of jobs could be phased out even as new ones are created. More broadly, the day-to-day nature of work could change for nearly everyone as intelligent machines become fixtures in the American workplace”

New frontiers in re-skilling and upskilling (external link)
Authors: Linda Gratton
MITSloan Management Review – July 8, 2019

“In the new world of work, we may not know for sure which jobs will be destroyed and what will be created, but one thing is clear: Everyone, whatever their age, will at some point have to spend time either re-skilling (learning new skills for a new position) or upskilling (learning current tasks more deeply). Every conceivable job will have new technologies to learn and new personal relationships to navigate as those roles fit and refit into a changing economic landscape”

How shared responsibility can shape e compelling vision (external link)
Authors: Radhika Dutt
MITSloan Management Review – July 17, 2019

“On July 20, 1969, minutes before the lunar module Eagle was scheduled to touch down on the moon, dashboard alarms began to indicate an emergency. There was a hardware failure, and the onboard computer wasn’t keeping up with the calculations required for the landing. The reason we can now celebrate the 50th anniversary of the successful Apollo 11 mission and not a critical disaster is due to the work of Margaret Hamilton — a programmer who had a clear vision for how software should be engineered when lives were at stake.”

Want responsible AI? Think business outcomes (external link)
Authors: Mala Anand
Knowledge@Wharton – July 17, 2019

“The rising concern about how AI systems can embody ethical judgments and moral values are prompting the right questions. Too often, however, the answer seems to be to blame the technology or the technologists.
Delegating responsibility is not the answer.
Creating ethical and effective AI applications requires engagement from the entire C-suite. Getting it right is both a critical business question and a values’ statement that requires CEO leadership.”

So your company has a vision? Why can’t everyone see it? (external link)
A Conversation with Andrew Carton
Knowledge@Wharton – July 15, 2019

Fifty years ago, President John F. Kennedy famously challenged NASA to land a man on the moon by the end of the decade. That vision galvanized thousands of employees with vastly different roles — everyone from astronauts to cleaning crew members — around the common goal of a lunar landing.
According to Wharton management professor Andrew Carton, the power of that message is in the type of wording used: It is visually concrete. If Kennedy had said, “Let’s aim to be number one in the space race,” would the results have been different? Perhaps so.

The state of the blockchain revolution (external link)
Authors: Don Tapscott
Insead Knowledge – July 3, 2019

“Many of us are old enough to remember what using the internet was like in 1995: The crackling, hissing and discordant tones of a dial-up modem, followed by long wait times for ugly websites to load. To all appearances, those days are far behind us – yet looks can be deceiving. The internet that has matured so spectacularly over the last 25 years is about to be reborn, and what will replace it is still in nascent form. The technology behind this rebirth is blockchain.”

When social change requires behavioral change (external link)
Authors: Pritha Venkatachalam & Niloufer Memon
Stanford Social Innovation Review – July 15, 2019

“It’s a common conundrum: A nonprofit rolls out what it believes will be an impactful program, only to run into cultural traditions and taboos that result in constituents resisting an initiative that might dramatically improve their lives. In many cases, the solution is a matter of sequencing, where opening constituents’ minds to a program’s promise precedes efforts to execute the program itself.”

Digital transformation as a path to growth (external link)
Authors: By
Deloitte – July 15, 2019

Disruptive technologies, introduced at an unprecedented rate, are driving the Industry 4.0 revolution, and companies that can successfully harness the potential of these technologies can enjoy exponential growth. Yet a recent Deloitte study suggests a disconnect between Industry 4.0’s market potential and its attainability, and most companies are using advanced technologies for near-term business operations rather than truly transformative opportunities. Thus, even executives who are ready to invest in digital industrial transformation may see it more as a defensive move rather than an offensive or growth-oriented play.”

In a world of autonomous vehicles, this is why we’ll need more public transport than ever (external link)
Authors: Raphael Gindrat
World Economic Forum – July 19, 2019

“The media is fascinated by autonomous vehicles (AVs), in particular their safety and when or if they will arrive en masse. A bigger and more important question is how AVs will work together as fleets and whether they work with public transport to move more people with fewer vehicles to solve our urban congestion and pollution challenges.”

Building value with blockchain technology. How to evaluate blockchain’s benefits (White Paper – external link)

World Economic Forum – July, 2019

“Building Value with Blockchain TechnologyIntroductionSince the digital era, organizations have been looking for ways to improve their operating model through modernizing their technology infrastructure. Being able to simplify complex processes while enabling innovation is the driving motivation for tech modernization. Today, organizations are trying to understand what role emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), the internet of things (IoT), immersive reality and even quantum computing will have in their business. The Fourth Industrial Revolution has arrived, and organizations understand the need to innovate to prevent them from being disrupted. High-growth organizations are investing aggressively and taking a distinct approach to innovation that is change-oriented, outcome-led and disruption-minded. But with blockchain technology, even the leaders have challenges when realizing the true value of the technology.This white paper can help organizations by understanding the state of the blockchain environment and the path to adoption. The analysis highlights the main advantages of the technology (broken down by industry), and the interviews shed light on the benefits and challenges of blockchain technology. And for organizations unsure where to begin or how to build a business case to assess the technology, the value framework shows what blockchain enables and where one can expect to realize value from it. Though peer-to-peer, privacy-enabling payments are perhaps the best-known applications of blockchain technology (e.g. bitcoin), they are not the focus of this paper”


The Trolley Problem narrated by Harry Shearer and scripted by Nigel Warburton

Do you draw conclusions from how things are to think about how things should be? There might be a gap in your reasoning.

From the BBC Radio 4 series – A History of Ideas. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b04bwydw
A History of Ideas is a new radio series about big questions, with Melvyn Bragg chairing discussions about beauty, freedom and justice (among other things). http://www.bbc.co.uk/historyofideas
This project was possible in partnership with The Open University http://www.open.edu/openlearn/history…
and the animations were created by Cognitive.